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Crochet Instructions: Learn Various Crochet Stiches

General & Misc.

Crochet Instructions: Learn Various Crochet Stiches

[Editorial Note: These instructions were written in 1870, so some of the terms may vary slightly from today's patterns. There are several excellent stich types and techniques too.]

A Crochet Needle
A Crochet-Needle

Cotton or thread, wool or silk, with a crochet-needle, are the materials required for working crochet. The needle, whether it be steel or bone, must be smoothly polished. The long wooden and bone crochet-needles are used for wool; for cotton and silk work short steel needles screwed into a bone handle are best. The beauty of the crochet-work depends upon the regularity of the stitches, as is the case with every other style of needlework. The stitches must be elastic, but if too loose they look as bad as if too tight. The size of the needle and that of the cotton or wool must correspond; work only with the point of the needle, and never move the stitch up and down the needle. The cotton with which you work must be of the very best quality; for borders, insertions, rosettes, imitation of guipure, use Evans’s crochet cotton; for couvrettes, counterpanes, covers, &c., use knitting-cotton. All crochet-work [186] patterns are begun on a foundation chain; there are three kinds of foundation chains–the plain foundation, the double foundation, and the purl foundation chain.

Plain Foundation Chain.

ILLUSTRATION 216.–Form a loop with the cotton or other material with which you work, take it on the needle, and hold the cotton as for knitting on the forefinger and other fingers of the left hand. The crochet-needle is held in the right hand between the thumb and forefinger, as you hold a pen in writing; hold the end of the cotton of the loop between the thumb and forefinger of the left hand, wind the cotton once round the needle by drawing the needle underneath the cotton from left to right, catch the cotton with the hook of the needle and draw it as a loop through the loop already on the needle, which is cast off the needle by this means and forms one chain stitch. The drawing the cotton through the loop is repeated until the foundation chain has [187] acquired sufficient length. When enough chain stitches have been made, take the foundation chain between the thumb and forefinger of the left hand, so that these fingers are always close to and under the hook of the needle. Each stitch must be loose enough to let the hook of the needle pass easily through. All foundation chains are begun with a loop.

Double Foundation Chain.

ILLUSTRATION 217 (The Double Foundation Chain).–Crochet 2 chain stitches, insert the needle downwards into the left side of the 1st chain stitch, throw the cotton forward, draw it out as a loop, wind the cotton again round the needle and draw it through the two loops on the needle, * draw the cotton as a loop through the left side of the last stitch (see illustration), wind the cotton round the needle, and draw it through both loops on the needle. Repeat from * till the foundation chain is long enough.


Stars in Crochet

General & Misc.

Stars in Crochet.

Materials: Messrs. Walter Evans and Co.’s crochet cotton No. 8 or 20.

This pattern can be used for a couvrette or pincushion cover, according to the size of the cotton with which it is worked.

Each star is begun in the centre by a chain of 8 stitches. In the 1st stitch work 1 treble, * 4 chain, 1 treble in this same 1st stitch, repeat from * 3 times more, 4 chain, 1 slip stitch in the 4th of the 8 chain. You have thus formed 8 rays, joined to the 1st stitch. Now work (without cutting the cotton) the branches, which are begun from the centre.

1st branch.–1st round: 18 chain, 1 treble in the 13th, so as to form a purl with the last 5, 2 chain, 3 treble with 2 chain between, missing 2 stitches under the 2 chain, 2 chain, 1 slip stitch in the last of the 18 chain.
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Crocheted Sunbonnet Sue Lil Rug

Rugs

Sunbonnet Sue Crocheted Rug

MATERIALS: Lily Skytone Mercerized Crochet Cotton-11 balls Lt Blue, 5-balls Delft Blue, 3-balls Skipper Blue, 2-balls each Rose Fraise and Salmon Rose and 1-ball Emerald Green. Crochet hooks No. 0 and 7. Approx. size of rug: 25″ x 38″. Use 4 strands for center and border.

CENTER: With 4 strands Lt Blue and No. 0 hook ch 131, hdc in 5th ch from hook, hdc in next ch, * sc in next, sl st in next, sc in next, hdc in next, hdc and dc in next, ** dc in next, dc and hdc in next, hdc in next. Repeat from * across, ending at **. Mark the right side of this row as right side of rug.

ROW 2: Ch 3, turn, 2 dc in 1st dc, * dc in next st, holding back the last lp of next 3 dc on hook, make dc in next st, (sk 1 st, dc in next) twice, thread over and draw thru all 4 lps on hook for a Cluster, (dc in next st, 3 dc in next st **), twice. Repeat from * across, ending at **. Repeat Row 2 to thru Row 31. ROW 33: Ch 1, turn, 2 sc in 1st sc, * sc in each st across, 3 sc in corner, (2 sc in each row, sc between rows) repeated across end, 3 sc in corner. Repeat from * around. Sc in 1st corner, sl st in 1st sc. Fasten off.
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Whisk Broom Cover

General & Misc., Kitchen Decor

Crocheted Wisk Broom Cover

MATERIALS:J. & P. COATS or CLARK’S O.N.T. PEARL COTTON, Art. A. or B.19, Size 5: 2 balls of No. 43 Dk. Yellow and 1 ball each of No. 18-D Shaded Dk. Purples, No. 15 Shaded Pinks, No. 21 Shaded Greens and No. 81 Dk. Brown; or J. & P. Coats “Knit-Cro-Sheen,” Art. A.64, 1 ball each of No. 43 Dk. Yellow, No. 18-D Shaded M. Purples, No. 15 Shaded Pinks, No. 21 Shaded Greens and No. 12 Black. Milwards Steel Crochet Hook No. 7. A whisk broom. Scraps of Red and Brown embroidery floss. 2 sequins for eyes. Cotton batting for stuffing.

HAIR . . . Starting at center with Dk. Brown, ch 24. join with sl st to first ch. lst rnd: Sc in same place as sl st and in each ch around. join. 2nd rnd: Sc in same place as sl st, half dc in next sc, dc in next sc, 2 tr in each of next 6 sc, dc in next sc, half dc in next sc, sc in next 2 sc, half dc in next sc, dc in next sc, 2 tr in each of next 6 sc, dc in next sc, half dc in next sc, sc in last sc. join (36 sts). 3rd rnd: Ch 3, dc in each st around. join. 4th rnd: Sc in same place as sl st, * dec 1 sc–to dec 1 sc, work off 2 sc as 1 sc–sc in next st. Repeat from * around (24 sc). 5th rnd: Sc in same place as sl st and in each sc around. join to front loop of first sc. Now work as follows: (Pull loop on hook out to measure 3/4 inch , thread over and draw loop through, insert hook between single and double loops and draw a loop through, thread over and draw through 2 loops on hook–knot st made–make another knot st, sc in front loop of next sc) 13 times. Break off.
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Crocheted Waste Basket Cover

General & Misc.

Crocheted Trash Can Cover COATS & CLARK’S O.N.T. “SPEED-CRO-SHEEN” MERCERIZED COTTON, Art. C.44: 4 balls of No. 131 Fudge Brown and 2 balls of No. 123-A Flamingo; and J. & P. COATS “KNIT-CRO-SHEEN” METALLIC, Art. A.64: 4 balls of No. M-l White.
Mil wards Steel Crochet Hook No. 1/0 (zero). A Crown Zipper, 10 inches long. A scrap basket.

Starting at long side with Fudge Brown, make a chain slightly longer than depth of basket.

1st row: Sc in 2nd ch from hook and in each ch across until row measures same as basket, having a number of sc divisible by 3 and 1 more at end of row. Break off. Cut off remaining chain.

2nd row: Attach a double strand of White to first sc, sc in each st across. Break off.

3rd row: Attach Flamingo to first sc, sc in same place, * ch 3, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc. Repeat from * across. Break off.
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